Tinnitus is classified into two types, namely objective and subjective tinnitus. Objective tinnitus is for tinnitus where others can hear the sounds that you are hearing. Subjective tinnitus is for tinnitus where only the patient can hear the sounds in his own head.
Pulsatile tinnitus is classified as objective. The difference between objective and subjective tinnitus is that objective tinnitus is not common but it’s much easier to diagnose and treat effectively. Subjective tinnitus is way more common and much more difficult to treat.
Sufferers of subjective tinnitus will have to keep examining their life and look for causes of their tinnitus which is a symptom of something else. If they do not discover the root cause of their problem, then it will be very difficult to solve the problem. Fortunately, pulsatile tinnitus is easily diagnosed.
Pulsatile tinnitus is usually diagnosed by a medical professional. While in most cases of tinnitus, there is no actual sound, with pulsatile tinnitus, your physician will be able to hear the sounds too.
Since pulsatile tinnitus is caused by actual damage to the ear canal or abnormalities in the ear, the doctor will be able to detect the sounds using advanced medical equipment.
There are several causes of pulsatile tinnitus. Here are a few.
Glomus tumors of the jugular
Persistent stapedial artery (close to the stapes bone)
Patulous eustachian tubes (open tubes leading from throat to ear)
Congenital arteriovenous malformation
Vascular loop (of the internal auditory canal)
Glomus tumors of the tympanicum (middle ear area)
High-riding carotid artery (close to the auditory areas)
Hypertension (high blood pressure)
Arterial bruits (noises relating to the arteries-beating sounds)
And other medical conditions related to the above mentioned
The symptoms of pulsatile tinnitus are the sounds in your ear. You may hear sounds like someone blowing roughly in your ear or low pitched booming noises or like thumping noises on the floor. Some people may experience high pitched clicking noises or swishing noises like the swishing of a tree branch, etc.
The reason for all these is that somehow the delicate parts of the inner ear are inflamed or damaged. The inflammation causes more blood flow to the ears which causes the ringing sound.
The ear has an Eustachian tube which when infected accumulates fluid in and this causes pulsating tinnitus.
Since pulsating tinnitus is closely associated with a person’s heartbeat and a result of blood vessel malformation in the arteries or veins leading to the neck or head area or it’s due to damage in the ear, the problems may be corrected with surgery.
Unlike subjective tinnitus where the sufferer has to go through holistic remedies such as consuming melatonin, doing deep relaxation therapy, etc. someone suffering from pulsating tinnitus will be best advised to seek the help of a medical professional.
Of course, certain rules will apply for both forms of tinnitus such as avoiding caffeine, keeping away from loud sounds and maintaining a healthy diet. However, for pulsatile tinnitus relief may be attained fast and relatively easily.